Research: Neonicotinoids

Our analysis of the neonicotinoid pesticide label

How to pronounce neonicotinoid:  nēōˈnikəˌtinoid   (

Reduction in homing flights in the honey bee  Apis mellifera after a sublethal dose of neonicotinoid insecticides

How do Neonicotinoids Work

Neonicotinid pesticides and non-target insects

Santa Barbara Creeks Division discussing the detection of imidacloprid in local water sources

‘Neonic’ Poison Found Throughout City
Creeks Division Testing After Rains Discovers Insecticide Fatal to Bees

Safety of neonicotinoids for bees and other creatures unclear: Porter
The widely published ad about neonicotinoid safety goes against warnings from scientists about harm for honeybees, other insects

The neonicotinoid pesticide imidacloprid and the dithiocarbamate fungicide mancozeb disrupt the pituitary-thyroid axis of a wildlife bird

A Survey of Imidacloprid Levels in Water Sources Potentially Frequented by Honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Eastern USA

1. CHEMICAL: Clothianidin

Imidacloprid-treated seed ingestion has lethal effect on adult partridges and reduces both breeding investment and offspring immunity

New York state bans use of clothianadin (2005)

Effect of pH and Type of Formulation on the Persistence of Imidacloprid in Water

Neonicotinoid contamination of global surface waters and associated risk to aquatic invertebrates: A review

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, The trouble with neonicotinoids, by Francisco Sánchez-Bayo, Science 14 November 2014: Vol. 346 no. 6211 pp. 806-807 DOI: 10.1126/science.1259159 Perspective

A large-scale field study examining effects of exposure to clothianidin seed-treated canola on honey bee colony health, development, and overwintering success

Evaluation of seed treatment insecticides for management of the rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in commercial rice fields in Louisiana

A review of the direct and indirect effects of nenicotinoids and fipronil on vertebrate wildlife

Neonicotinoids interfere with specific components of navigation in honey bees

Debunking the Latest Attempt to Defend Agrichemicals at the Cost of the Greater Good: Evidence Mounts that Neonicotinoid Insecticides Harm Bees and Beneficial Insects

Assessment of the environmental exposure of honeybees to particulate matter containing neonicotinoid insecticides coming from corn coated seeds.

Pesticide-laden dust emission and drift from treated seeds during seed drilling: a review.

Neonicotinoids in bees: a review on concentrations, side-effects and risk assessment

Insecticides Similar to Nicotine Widespread in Midwest

Detections of the Neonicotinoid Insecticide Imidacloprid in Surface Waters of Three Agricultural Regions of California, USA, 2010-2011

Pesticides in Mississippi air and rain: A comparison between 1995 and 2007.    – GreenMedInfo Summary

Neonicotinoid Concentrations in Arable Soils After Seed Treatment Applications in Preceding Years

Effect of soil application of imidacloprid on survival of adult green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), used for biological control in greenhouse

Landscape rates of soil-applied imidacloprid translocated to flowers reduces survival of Coleomegilla, Hippodameia, and Cocinella ladybeetles, but not Harmonia ladybeetles, Danaus plexippus, and Vanessa cardui, butterflies

Imidacloprid contaminates the pollen of seed-coated crops : A high risk for bees
PDF slideshow presented at Apimondia (World Bee Congress) in 2009 by Dr Bonmatin of CNRS France.

This slide was presented during the APIMONDIA World Congress, in 2009 in Montpellier, France , by Dr. Bonmatin Jean-Marc, Researcher at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
The data was extracted from peer-reviewed literature and is well established in the scientific literature.

No waxy residue for bees: Detecting neonicotinoid insecticides with CE-MS

Neonic insecticides widespread in Iowa waters -study

Insecticides Similar to Nicotine Widespread in Midwest

Risks of large-scale use of systemic insecticides to ecosystem functioning and services

European Food Safety Authority: clothianidin

Neonicotinoids appear to have devastating effects across the natural world: we need a global moratorium.

Potential Exposure of Pollinators to Neonicotinoid Insecticides from the Use of Insecticide Seed Treatments in the Mid-Southern United States.

Bee-harming ‘neonicotinoid’ pesticides also hurt bird populations: study

Exposure to neonicotinoids influences the motor function of adult worker honeybees

Conclusions of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment on the risks of neonicotinoids and fipronil to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Delayed and time-cumulative toxicity of imidacloprid in bees, ants and termites

A review of the direct and indirect effects of neonicotinoids and fipronil on vertebrate wildlife

Systemic pesticides pose global threat to biodiversity and ecosystem services

A Critique of Dr. Richard Heintzelman, Dr. Iain D. Kelly,Dr. David L. Fischer, Dr. Christian Maus,23 May 2012 Overview of Recent Publications on Neonicotinoids and Pollinators

 Is Corn Dust Killing Bees?
27 May 2014, Amy Mayer, KCUR.Org (public radio)

Harvard study points to neonics as cause of bee deaths

New science on neonicotinoids

Influence of dinotefuran and clothianidin on a bee colony (2012) by Toshiro Yamada–Kazuko Yamada–Naoki Wada

Neonicotinoid Concentrations in Arable Soils After Seed Treatment Applications in Preceding Years

USA finally considering action over neonicotinoids, spurred on by doubts as to whether they actually work
2 June 2014, by Dave Goulson (University of Sussex blog)

Scientists investigating tolerance to thiamethoxam in Mid-South

Neonicotinoid seed treatments and honey bee health

Environmental fate of soil applied neonicotinoid insecticides in an irrigated potato agrosystem

No to Neonicotinoids at the Sale

Purdue expert warns of potential bee kills

Sub-lethal exposure to neonicotinoids impaired honey bees

winterization before proceeding to colony collapse disorder

Analysis of Neonicotinoid Pesticides in Wetland Water and Sediments by ESI-LC/MS/MS

Detections of the Neonicotinoid Insecticide Imidacloprid in Surface Waters of Three Agricultural Regions of California, USA, 2010–2011

Perspectives from the Prairies: Uncovering the facts about neonicotinoid insecticides on wetland ecosystems 

Impaired Olfactory Associative Behavior of Honeybee Workers Due to Contamination of Imidacloprid in the Larval Stage


Macro-Invertebrate Decline in Surface Water Polluted with Imidacloprid

Birds, Bees, and Aquatic Life Threatened by Gross Underestimate of Toxicity of World’s Most Widely Used Pesticide    New Report Charges EPA Ignored Staff Warnings, Approved Widespread Use of Dangerous Pesticides

Are Neonicotinoids Killing Bees?

Beyond the Birds and the Bees: Effects of Neonicotinoids on Agriculturally Important Beneficial Invertebrates

Neonicotinoids Let Virus Thrive in Bees

Lethal and sublethal effects of imidacloprid, after chronic exposure, on the insect model Drosophila melanogaster

Chronic exposure of imidacloprid and clothianidin reduce queen survival, foraging and nectar storing in colonies of Bombus impatiens

Neonicotinoid Pesticides Harm Bees’ Foodgathering Ability

A meta-analysis of experiments testing the effects of a neonicotinoid insecticide (imidacloprid) on honey bees

Field realistic doses of pesticide imidacloprid reduce bumblebee pollen foraging efficiency

Neonicotinoid clothianidin adversely affects insect immunity and promotes replication of a viral pathogen in honey bees

Neonicotinoid Pesticides and Honey Bees: a fact sheet

Corn Dust Consortium Final Report

Effect of the Insecticide Tanrec® on Reproduction and Vital Activity of Daphnia magna Straus in a 15_day Test

 Environmental fate of neonicotinoids: a potato case study

Impacts of a neonicotinoid, neonicotinoid–pyrethroid premix, and anthranilic diamide insecticide on four species of turf inhabiting beneficial insects

“Neonics and You: Effects of Neonicotinyl Pesticides on Honey Bees, Bumblebees, and You”  

Risk posed to honeybees (Apis mellifera L, Hymenoptera) by an imidacloprid seed dressing of sunflowers

Cytotoxic Effects of Thiamethoxam in the Midgut and Malpighian Tubules of Africanized Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Field realistic doses of pesticide imidacloprid reduce bumblebee pollen foraging efficiency

Sublethal neonicotinoid insecticide exposure reduces solitary bee reproductive success

Neonicotinoid Myths and Flawed Arguments



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