State Laws for Beekeeping

New Jersey has a statute concerning contacting a beekeeper to remove swarms;   and West Virginia has a beekeeper immunity law.

What can you do, or want to do in your State for bees, and beekeeping?   Suggestions from Beekeeping Associations . . .

* Highway and street depts. can save money on grass mowing by planting pollinator friendly plants.

* Protect pollinators by making sure local governments apply pesticides, insecticides, and herbicides per the label.

* Educate the local utility company that blooming weeds, and wildflowers in the area of utilities are food for bees and native pollinators.  Apply herbicides per the label: not when the “weeds” and wildflowers are in bloom.

 

Additional resources:

BEE SOURCE

http://www.beesource.com/forums/showthread.php?279398-State-by-State-Bee-Laws

 

LawSERVER—U.S. and selected states

http://www.lawserver.com/bees-and-honey

 

APIARY INSPECTORS OF AMERICA

http://www.apiaryinspectors.org/laws/

 

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Saving America’s Pollinators Act of 2013 (HR 2692)

https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr2692

For the text of the bill  https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr2692/text

 

 

ALABAMA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/alabama/al-code/alabama_code_title_2_chapter_14

 

ALASKA

http://www.touchngo.com/lglcntr/akstats/Statutes/Title03/Chapter47.htm

 

ARIZONA

Notification of beekeepers with bees in an agricultural area  http://www.azleg.gov/ars/3/00367-02.htm

http://www.azsos.gov/public_services/Title_03/3-04.htm#Article_2

 

ARKANSAS

Link to PDF

 

CALIFORNIA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/california/codes/california_food_agricultural_code_division_13

 

COLORADO

The Colorado Bee Act was repealed in the 1980’s.

 

CONNECTICUT

http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?a=2800&q=376550

 

DELAWARE

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/delaware/de-code/delaware_code_title_3_chapter_75

 

FLORIDA

http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=0500-0599/0586/0586ContentsIndex.html

 

GEORGIA

http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/Default.asp

 

HAWAII

http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol03_Ch0121-0200D/HRS0150A/HRS_0150A-0006.htm

 

Bill 2491 now ordinance 960

A bill for an ordinance to amend the Kaua’I County code 1987, as amended, by adding a new article 22 to chapter 22, relating to pesticides and genetically modified organisms.  http://media.wix.com/ugd/5f73cf_56e4e700de9ae57e7b709740824bbed4.pdf

 

KANSAS

http://www.ksda.gov/plant_protection/content/352/cid/909

http://www.google.com/search?sitesearch=kslegislature.org%2F&q=inurl%3Astatute%2F+honey%2C+bees

 

KENTUCKY

http://162.114.4.35/statutes/search.aspx

 

IDAHO

http://www.legislature.idaho.gov/idstat/Title22/T22CH28.htm

 

ILLINOIS

http://www.beesource.com/resources/elements-of-beekeeping/laws-related-to-bees-and-beekeeping/illinios-bees-and-apiaries-act-with-rules/

 

INDIANA

LINK to PDF document

 

IOWA

http://coolice.legis.iowa.gov/cool-ice/default.asp?category=billinfo&service=iowacode&ga=83&input=160

 

LOUISIANA

http://legis.la.gov/Legis/LawSearchList.aspx

 

MAINE

http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/7/title7ch0sec0.html

scroll down to find the statutes on bees and bee industry

 

MARYLAND

http://www.dsd.state.md.us/comar/subtitlesearch.aspx?search=15.07.01.*

 

MASSACHUSETTS

https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXIX/Chapter128

See sections 32 through 36B related directly to honeybees

 

MICHIGAN

http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(tsdp0j55zsgmage4fc5vgc45))/mileg.aspx?page=GetObject&objectname=mcl-Act-412-of-1976

 

MINNESOTA

https://www.revisor.mn.gov/search/doc_result.php?keyword=honey+bees&keyword_type=all&stat=1&search=stat&stat_year1=2012&stat_year2=2012&stat_chapter=

https://www.revisor.mn.gov/search/doc_result.php?keyword=honey&keyword_type=all&stat=1&search=stat&stat_year1=2012&stat_year2=2012&stat_chapter=

 

HF 2908–Beekeeper Compensation–Bee death caused by pesticide poisoning compensation provided, pollinator emergency response team established, and money appropriated https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/text.php?number=HF2908&version=0&session=ls88&session_year=2014&session_number=0

 

SF 2695 (Dziedic) / HF 2798 (Hansen): Defines “pollinator lethal insecticides,” and says that nurseries cannot label plants as pollinator-friendly if they’ve been pretreated with these pesticides.    https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/text.php?number=SF2695&session=ls85&session_year=2014&session_number=0&version=latest

 

SF 2723 (Dziedzic) /HF 2799 (Davnie): Would amend state preemption law so that the 4 largest cities in MN can regulate non-agricultural pesticides.     https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/text.php?number=SF2723&version=0&session=ls88&session_year=2014&session_number=0

 

MISSISSIPPI

LINK to Mississippi bee disease regulations

http://www.mdac.ms.gov/agency/regulations_laws/laws_honey.html

 

MISSOURI

http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/chapters/chap264.htm

 

MONTANA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/montana/mt-code/montana_code_title_80_chapter_6

 

NEBRASKA

LINK to PDF

In addition, visit this link for local rules:  http://www.omahabeeclub.org/urban-beekeeping-rules

 

NEVADA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/nevada/nrs/nevada_revised_statutes_chapter_552

 

NEW HAMPSHIRE

http://nhrsa.org/law/chapter/429/

 

NEW JERSEY

Extends Right to Farm Act protections to commercial beekeepers, with some restrictions.

http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2014/Bills/A1500/1294_I1.HTM

 

Establishes exclusive State regulatory authority over apiary activities and allows for delegation of monitoring and enforcement  authority to municipalities.
http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2014/Bills/A1500/1295_I1.HTM
Establishes penalty for destruction of man-made native bee hive.
http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2014/Bills/A1500/1296_I1.HTM

The Statutes in NJ covering honey bees are in Title 4, Chapter 6. The relevant citations are below. The entire Statute can be found at http://law.onecle.com/new-jersey/4-agriculture-and-domestic-animals/6-1.html.

New Jersey Statutes – Title 4 Agriculture and Domestic Animals – 4:6-22 Violations; penalties, use.

4:6-21  Rules, regulations relative to preservation of honey bee colonies.

1.The Secretary of Agriculture in conjunction with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, and in cooperation with the New Jersey Beekeepers Association, the New Jersey Pest Management Association, and the New Jersey Cooperative Extension of Rutgers, The State University, shall, within 18 months after the effective date of this act, develop and adopt, pursuant to the “Administrative Procedure Act,” P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.), rules and regulations to require certified commercial pesticide applicators and licensed commercial pesticide operators in the State to contact identified county, regional or State agricultural agencies to either obtain assistance in relocating specific honey bee colonies, or to seek approval to destroy the colonies, prior to extermination.  The provisions of this section shall not apply to honey bee colonies found residing within buildings or other indoor structures.  These rules and regulations shall establish the provisions necessary to effectuate the purpose of this section, and shall include any appropriate emergency health and safety exceptions, minimum response times for agricultural agencies or designated responders, as well as enforcement and penalty provisions for violations.

L.2007, c.271, s.1.

 

4:6-22. Violations; penalties, use.

2.     Any person who intentionally destroys a man-made honey bee hive without the approval required pursuant to R.S.4:6-1 et seq. or section 1 of P.L.2007, c.271 (C.4:6-21) shall be liable to a civil penalty of up to $1,000 for each offense, to be collected in a civil action by a summary proceeding under the “Penalty Enforcement Law of 1999,” P.L.1999, c.274 (C.2A:58-10 et seq.) or in any case before a court of competent jurisdiction wherein injunctive relief has been requested. The Superior Court and municipal court shall have jurisdiction to enforce the “Penalty Enforcement Law of 1999” in connection with this act. If the violation is of a continuing nature, each day during which it continues shall constitute an additional, separate and distinct offense. Penalties recovered for violations of this section shall be remitted to the Department of Agriculture and expended on programs to revive honey bee populations in the State.

L.2007, c.271, s.2.

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Last modified: February 13, 2012

LINKS to Additional New Jersey Statutes in PDF –  ONE   TWO  THREE

 

 

NEW MEXICO

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/new-mexico/nm-statutes/new_mexico_statutes_chapter_76_article_9

 

NEW YORK

http://www.masterbeekeeper.org/resources/NYapiarylaw.htm

 

NORTH CAROLINA

http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/HTML/ByArticle/Chapter_106/Article_55.html

 

NORTH DAKOTA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/north-dakota/nd-code/north_dakota_code_chapter_4_12-2

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/north-dakota/nd-code/north_dakota_code_chapter_4-1_08

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/north-dakota/nd-code/north_dakota_code_chapter_19_06-1

 

OHIO

http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/909

 

House Bill 474    http://legiscan.com/OH/bill/HB474/2013

To amend section 4501.21 and to enact section 4503.576 of the Revised Code to create the “Ohio State Beekeepers Association” license plate.

text of bill  http://www.legislature.state.oh.us/BillText130/130_HB_474_I_Y.html

 

OKLAHOMA

Link to PDF

 

OREGON

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/oregon/or-statutes/oregon_statutes_chapter_602_1

 

Eugene-   A RESOLUTION ENDORSING ON-GOING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CITY OF EUGENE’S PARKS AND OPEN SPACE DIVISION’S INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) POLICY AND PROCEDURES, ENDORSING EXPANSION OF THE PESTICIDE-FREE PARKS PROGRAM, REQUIRING ALL CITY DEPARTMENTS TO ADOPT AN IPM POLICY AND PROCEDURES, AND BANNING USE OF NEONICOTINOIDS ON ALL CITY PROPERTY

http://www.beyondtoxics.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/CityCouncilResolutionPassed3-26-14.pdf

 

PENNSYLVANIA

Link to PDF

 

RHODE ISLAND

http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE4/4-12/INDEX.HTM

 

SOUTH CAROLINA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/south-carolina/sc-code/south_carolina_code_title_46_chapter_37

 

SOUTH DAKOTA

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/south-dakota/sd-laws/south_dakota_laws_title_38_chapter_18

 

TENNESSEE

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/tennessee/tn-code/tennessee_code_title_44_chapter_15

LINK to a PDF for Tennessee

 

TEXAS

http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/AG/htm/AG.131.htm

 

UTAH

http://www.rules.utah.gov/publicat/code/r068/r068-001.htm

 

VERMONT

http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/vermont/vt-statutes/vermont_statutes_title_6_chapter_172

 

VIRGINIA

http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+TOC03020000044000000000000

 

WASHNGTON

http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=15.60

 

 

WEST VIRGINIA Beekeeper Immunity Law

ENROLLED

COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

for

H. B. 4527

(By Delegates Morgan, C. Miller, Canterbury, Williams and Campbell)

[Passed March 13, 2010; in effect from passage.]

AN ACT to amend and reenact §19-13-4 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to limiting the liability of apiary owners and operators; requiring the Department of Agriculture to promulgate best practices rules; and authorizing emergency rulemaking power.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §19-13-4 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 13. INSPECTION AND PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURE.

§19-13-4. Registration of bees; identification of apiaries; limitation on liability.
(a) All persons keeping bees in this state shall apply for a certificate of registration for bee keeping from the commissioner, within ten days of the date that bees are acquired, by notifying the commissioner, in writing, of the number and location of colonies they own or rent, or which they keep for someone else, whether the bees are located on their own property or someone else’s property. All apiary certificates of registration expire on December 31, of each year and must be renewed annually.
(b) All persons owning or operating an apiary which is not located on their own property must post the name and address of the owner or operator in a conspicuous place in the apiary.
(c) A person who:
(1) owns and operates an apiary;
(2) is registered with the Commissioner; and
(3)operates the apiary in a reasonable manner and in conformance with the West Virginia Department of Agriculture’s written best management practices provided by rule, is not liable for any personal injury or property damage that occurs in connection with the keeping and maintaining of bees, bee equipment, queen breeding equipment, apiaries and appliances. The limitation of liability established by this section does not apply to intentional tortious conduct or acts or omissions constituting gross negligence.
The limitation on liability in this subsection shall not take effect until legislative rules promulgated by the Commissioner of Agriculture are authorized by the Legislature. However, the Commissioner of Agriculture shall have the authority to promulgate emergency rules under this subsection.
(d) In order to effectuate the purposes of subsection (c), the Commissioner shall propose for promulgation, legislative rules in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code: Provided, That the initial promulgation may be by emergency rule. The rule shall include best management standards for the operation of apiaries. The limitation on liability contained in subsection (c) shall not take effect until legislative rules are promulgated in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

http://www.legis.state.wv.us/wvcode/ChapterEntire.cfm?chap=19&art=13

 

WISCONSIN

Link to PDF (see last page specific to honeybees)

 

WYOMING

http://legisweb.state.wy.us/statutes/statutes.aspx?file=titles/Title11/T11CH7.htm

 

Laws are subject to change.  Check with your State Legislature or State Beekeeping Association concerning any changes, revisions, clarifications, additions, or deletions to beekeeping, honey, crop pollination, and/or apiary laws in your state.

 

Ontario, Canada bee regulations courtesy of the Ontario Beekeepers’ Association

Ontario Bees Act

Ontario Bee Regulations

Ontario Apiary Program